List of ancient doctors

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of Ancient Medics)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The following is a list of ancient doctors who were known to have practised medicine in some form before AD 700:

Name Time period Ethnicity Known for
Abascantus AD 2nd century Greek invented antidote against serpent bites
Adamantius Judaeus AD 5th century Greek
Aegimus 5th century BC Greek first person who wrote a treatise on the pulse
Aemilia Hilaria AD 4th century Roman female physician. Wrote books on gynecology and obstetrics.
Aeschrion of Pergamon AD 2nd century Greek pharmaceutist
Aëtius of Amida AD 5th–6th century Byzantine Greek
Agathinus AD 1st century Greek founder of the Eclectic school of medicine
Albucius AD 1st century Roman wealthy physician, with annual income of 250,000 sesterces
Alcon (classical history) AD 1st century Greek surgeon
Alexander of Tralles AD 6th century Byzantine Greek chief work titled Twelve Books on Medicine
Amenhotep 13th century BC Egyptian chief physician of the early 19th Dynasty
Androcydes 4th century BC Greek
Andromachus AD 1st century Greek
Anonymus Londinensis AD 1st century Greek author of the physiological work On Medicine
Antipater 1st century BC Greek author of a work titled On the Soul
Antipater AD 2nd century Greek gave an account of the morbid symptoms that precede death
Antiphanes of Delos AD 2nd century Greek "the sole cause of diseases in man was the too great variety of his food"
Antonius Castor AD 1st century Roman herbal remedies
Antyllus AD 2nd century Greek surgeon, treatment of aneurysms became standard until the 19th century
Apollonius Claudius AD 2nd century Greek
Apollonius Cyprius AD 1st century Greek
Apollonius Organicus AD 2nd century Greek
Apollonius Pergamenus AD 3rd century Greek
Apollonius Pitaneus AD 1st century Greek
Apollonius Senior AD 1st century Greek
Apollonius Tarensis AD 1st century Greek
Apollonius Ther AD 1st century Greek
Apollonius Glaucus 3rd century BC Greek On Internal Diseases
Apollonios of Kition 1st century BC Greek Cypriot most important work is On Joints
Archigenes AD 1st–2nd century Greek very high reputation for his professional skill
Arcyon AD 1st century Greek surgeon
Aretaeus AD 1st century Greek general treatise on diseases
Aristotle 4th century BC Greek
Asclepiades Pharmacion AD 1st–2nd century Greek skill and knowledge of pharmacy
Asclepiades of Bithynia 2nd–1st century BC Greek built a new theory of disease
Aspasia the Physician AD 4th century Greek Female gynecologist
Athenaeus of Attalia AD 1st century Greek founder of the Pneumatic school of medicine
Bian Que 4th century BC Chinese earliest known Chinese physician
Bolus of Mendes 3rd century BC Greek
Caelius Aurelianus AD 5th century Roman medical translator
Cassius Felix AD 3rd century Roman African medical writer
Cato the Elder 2nd century BC Roman
Aulus Cornelius Celsus AD 1st century Roman De Medicina
Charaka 6th–2nd century BC Indian one of the principal contributors to Ayurveda
Saints Cosmas and Damian AD 3rd century Arab persecuted by Diocletian
Criton of Heraclea AD 1st–2nd century Greek Chief physician of emperor Trajan
Ctesias 5th century BC Greek
Damocrates AD 1st century Greek wrote pharmaceutical works in Greek iambic verse
Demetrius of Apamea 2nd century BC Greek studied sexual organs
Demosthenes Philalethes AD 1st century Greek author of the Ophthalmicus, the most influential work of ophthalmology in antiquity
Dexippus of Cos 4th century BC Greek pupil of Hippocrates
Dieuches 4th century BC Greek Dogmatic school of medicine
Diocles of Carystus 4th century BC Greek practical medicine, especially diet and nutrition
Saint Diomedes AD 3rd century Greek arrested by Diocletian
Pedanius Dioscorides AD 1st century Greek De Materia Medica
Dong Feng AD 3rd century Chinese
Erasistratus 3rd century BC Greek founded a school of anatomy in Alexandria
Erotianus AD 1st century Greek Collection of Hippocratic Words
Eudemus (physician) AD 1st–2nd century Greek two persons, the first the poisoner of Drusus Julius Caesar, the second an acquaintance of Galen
Saint Fabiola AD 4th century Roman nurse
Gaius Stertinius Xenophon AD 1st century Greek personal physician of emperor Claudius
Galen AD 2nd–3rd century Greek developer of anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, and neurology
Ge Hong AD 4th century Chinese originator of First Aid in TCM
Heliodorus AD 1st century Greek wrote on medical technique
Heraclides of Tarentum 2nd century BC Greek physician of the Empiric school
Herodotus (physician) AD 1st–2nd century Greek Two doctors, the first a Pneumaticist, the second an Empiricist
Herophilus 3rd century BC Greek deemed to be the first anatomist
Hicesius 1st century BC Greek head of a medical school established at Smyrna
Hippocrates 5th century BC Greek "Father of Medicine", wrote the Hippocratic Corpus
Hua Tuo AD 2nd century Chinese abilities in acupuncture, moxibustion, herbal medicine and medical Daoyin exercises
Huangfu Mi AD 3rd century Chinese compiled the Canon of Acupuncture and Moxibustion
Ji Ben AD 3rd century Chinese physician who started a failed rebellion
Irynachet 22nd century BC Egyptian senior physician of the great house
Jivaka Komarabhacca 5th century BC Indian personal physician of King Bimbisara and Gautama Buddha
Leonidas (physician) AD 2nd–3rd century Greek surgical writer, provided the first detailed description of a mastectomy
Leoparda AD 4th century Greek female gynecologist
Madhava-kara 8th century BC Indian listed diseases along with their causes, symptoms, and complications
Marcellus Empiricus AD 4th–5th century Roman author of pharmacological compendium De medicamentis
Marcellus of Side AD 2nd century Greek wrote a long medical poem
Quintus Gargilius Martialis AD 3rd century Roman writer on horticulture, botany and medicine
Meges of Sidon 1st century BC Greek/Roman surgeon
Menemachus AD 2nd century Greek Methodic school of medicine
Menodotus of Nicomedia AD 2nd century Greek Empiricist
Metrodora AD 4th century Greek female gynecologist, author of On the Diseases and Cures of Women.
Merit-Ptah 27th century BC Egyptian early female physician
Mnesitheus 4th century BC Greek classification of diseases
Sextius Niger 1st century BC Roman pharmacology
Oribasius AD 4th century Greek medical writer and person physician of Julian the Apostate
Paccius Antiochus AD 1st century Roman wealthy commercial physician
Palladius (physician) AD 6th century Greek professor of medicine at Alexandria
Paul of Aegina AD 7th century Byzantine Greek Medical Compendium in Seven Books
Penthu 16th century BC Egyptian Chief Physician to Akhenaten
Peseshet 25th century BC Egyptian one of the earliest known female physicians
Philagrius of Epirus AD 3rd century Greek medical writers
Philinus of Cos 3rd century BC Greek reputed founder of the Empiric school
Philistion of Locri 4th century BC Greek physician and writer of medicine
Philonides (physician) AD 1st century Greek author of De Medicina
Philoxenus (physician) 3rd century BC Greco-Egyptian wrote several volumes on surgery
Philumenus AD 3rd century Greek
Plistonicus 4th–3rd century BC Greek wrote a work on anatomy
Posidonius 2nd–1st century BC Greek polymath
Praxagoras of Cos 4th century BC Greek theory of circulation
Aelius Promotus AD 2nd century Greek author of Medicinalium Formularum Collectio
Qar 23rd century BC Egyptian Chief Physician during the Sixth dynasty
Raban Gamliel VI AD 5th century Hebrew demonstrated a special remedy of the spleen
Rabâ-ša-Marduk 13th century BC Kassite
Rufus of Ephesus AD 1st–2nd century Greek wrote treatises on dietetics, pathology, anatomy, and patient care
Serenus Sammonicus AD 3rd century Roman author of a didactic medical poem Liber Medicinalis
Scribonius Largus AD 1st century Roman court physician to the Roman emperor Claudius
Serapion of Alexandria 3rd century BC Greek member of the Empiric school of medicine
Sextius Niger AD 1st century Roman author of the pharmacologist work On material
Sextus Empiricus AD 2nd century Roman
Sextus Placitus AD 4th century Roman author of Libri medicinae Sexti Placiti Papyriensis ex animalibus pecoribus et bestiis vel avibus Concordantiae
Shepseskaf-ankh 25th century BC Egyptian Chief Physician during the Fifth dynasty
Soranus of Ephesus AD 2nd century Greek author of treatise on gynecology and On Acute and Chronic Diseases
Sushruta 7th century BC Indian author of the treatise The Compendium of Suśruta
Themison of Laodicea 1st century BC Greek founder of the Methodic school of medicine
Theodorus Priscianus AD 4th century Roman author of Medical Matters in Four Books
Theophilus Protospatharius AD 7th century Greek
Theophrastus 4th–3rd century BC Greek
Thessalus of Tralles AD 1st century Roman Methodic school of medicine, court physician of Emperor Nero
Xenocrates of Aphrodisias AD 1st century Greek pharmaceutical writer, including On Useful Things from Living Beings
Zhang Zhongjing AD 150—219 Chinese made great contributions to the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Zopyrus (physician) AD 1st century Greek antidote inventor