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In Greek mythology, Pandareus (Ancient Greek: Πανδάρεως) was the son of Merops and a nymph. His residence was given as either Ephesus[1] or Miletus.[2]


Pandareus was said to have been favored by Demeter, who conferred upon him the benefit of never suffering from indigestion, however much food he should eat.[1] At the request of his impious friend, Tantalus, Pandareus stole a golden dog from a temple to Zeus on Crete (the dog had guarded Zeus during his infancy by the will of Rhea). According to various sources, he was either turned to stone[3] or fled to Sicily, where he perished together with his wife Harmothoë.[4]

Pandareus was the father of Aedon (wife of Zethus), Chelidonis, Cleodora (or Cleothera) and Merope;[5] according to Pausanias, the last two were called Cameiro and Clytia.[2] After the death of their parents, Aphrodite took care of Cleodora and Merope, Hera taught them to be proper women, and Athena made them accomplished; but when Aphrodite went to see Zeus to get them married, storm winds carried them away to become handmaidens of the furies.[6]


  1. ^ a b Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 11
  2. ^ a b Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 10.30.2
  3. ^ Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 36
  4. ^ Eustathius on Homer, p. 1875
  5. ^ Homer, Odyssey 19.518; Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 11
  6. ^ Homer, Odyssey 20.66 ff.


  • Homer, The Odyssey with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, PH.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1919. ISBN 978-0674995611. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
  • Homer. The Odyssey, Book XIX, in The Iliad & The Odyssey. Trans. Samuel Butler. pp. 676–7. ISBN 978-1-4351-1043-4
  • Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. ISBN 0-674-99328-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
  • Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, v. 3, page 109